Congratulations to the following sponsored research award recipients at UW Tacoma. (Awards received between January - June 2022)
Lorne Arnold, School of Engineering and Technology (SET)
Investigating the use of sliding block methods as an index for seismically induced rock slope failure volume -a proof of concept study
Royalty Research Fund Spring 2022
Seismically induced rock slope failures have caused tens of thousands of deaths and economic losses in the billions of dollars over the last century. They are among the most common, dangerous, and least understood of all seismic hazards. Recently, progress has been made toward understanding the fundamental mechanism of seismic rock slope failures using the Bonded Particle Model (BPM). Although powerful, BPM is computationally intensive and best suited to individual site characterization rather than modern, regional-scale or probabilistic hazard assessments. In contrast to BPM, sliding block methods (SBMs) are quick to run and widely used for seismic soil slope analysis. However, rock slope behavior during earthquakes is not well-captured by SBMs. In this study, pairs of BPM and SBM models of simple rock slopes will be subjected to a suite of recorded ground motions, and a framework for correlation of behaviors from complex (BPM) and simplified (SBM) analysis methods will be developed. The results of this study will provide a proof of concept showing that models of rock slopes with increasing levels of geologic complexity can be correlated to simplified methods, laying a strong foundation for future work and funding that will expand the parameters of both BPM and SBM models to encompass a wide range of rock slope characteristics. By developing a broad correlation with simplified methods that can reliably predict some of the key behaviors of rock slopes during earthquakes, this work will enable researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers to mitigate the severe detrimental consequences associated with this phenomenon.
Anindita Bhattacharya, School of Social Work and Criminal Justice
Understanding Help-Seeking Pathways among Racially Minoritized Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence: A Longitudinal Investigation
Royalty Research Fund Spring 2022
The World Health Organization estimates that 30% of women in a romantic relationship experience intimate partner violence (IPV), with racially minoritized women at a higher risk of victimization compared to White women. Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, there has been an alarming increase in rates of IPV. Despite the expansion of IPV-related programs in the US, racially minoritized women are less likely to seek help than White women because of personal, interpersonal, and systemic barriers. Scant literature examines longitudinal help-seeking pathways among racially minoritized women and how their needs and service use change over time. Guided by the theory of help-seeking and an Intersectional Feminist lens, the proposed project will fill a critical knowledge gap by conducting a longitudinal study with 15-20 survivors over 6 months to examine help-seeking pathways. Through sequential interviews with racially minoritized women, the study will: 1) Describe racially-minoritised women’s pathways to help-seeking and their experiences and perceptions related to service-use over time and, 2) Identify key individual, interpersonal, and socio-cultural factors that influence each stage of help-seeking; and 3) Elicit critical insights into the cultural relevance and acceptability of current services. Identifying barriers to service use will highlight focal points for future gender-sensitive and culturally responsive interventions. The longitudinal orientation of this work will advance theory and enrich knowledge around how stages of help-seeking operate across time for racially minoritized women. This study also advances the field by responding to the need for more survivor-centered research and practice, particularly among racially minoritized women.
Chieh (Sunny) Cheng, School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership with Lucas McIntyre, MultiCare Tacoma General Hospital and Susan Ramos, MultiCare Health System
Building Community Capacity Among MultiCare, Tacoma Public Schools, and University of Washington to Support Underserved Youth Well-being
Population Health Initiative Tier 1 award – Feb. 2022
Washington State ranks 43 out of 51 in the US for access to mental health services. For example, over 42% of Tacoma Public Schools (TPS) students face service barriers due to being economically disadvantaged. Accordingly, the Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction has deemed building staffing capacity to support student well-being a key priority in 2021-23. Studies demonstrate that consultations that are transferable from behavioral health care experts to school staff are an efficient, scalable, cost-effective and sustained model. However, this model has not been adopted in TPS. This capacity building project aims to strengthen an established partnership between UW Tacoma, TPS and MultiCare Adolescent Behavioral Health Unit and conduct a needs assessment that will inform the development and implementation of a transferrable consultation program that supports students’ mental well-being. The project goal aligns with two pillars of population health—human health and social and economic equity—by establishing a collaborative framework with under-served public schools and developing an evidence-based training program to improve youth mental health.
Weichao Yuwen, School of Nursing & Healthcare Leadership with Trevor Cohen and Serena Jinchen Xie, UWS Department of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, and Magaly Ramirez, UWS Department of Health Systems and Population Health
Exploring Multicultural and Multilingual Methods in Developing Dialog -Based Health Technologies
Population Health Initiative Tier 1 award – May 2022
In the United States, 53 million family caregivers are the backbones of our healthcare system. These informal caregivers spend on average more than 20 hours per week providing unpaid care to the care receiver, and this amount is even higher among the 40% of caregivers self-identified as having a racial or ethnic minority background. In addition, at least one-third of caregivers speak a language other than English at home. Existing barriers that prevent these marginalized caregivers from accessing services include a lack of culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate programs of care.
On-demand digital health technologies delivering interventions through text-based dialogs could be cost-effective solutions to support family caregivers. Recent innovations in machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) have the potential to automate labor-intensive work such as language translation. However, these technologies, if used without careful intention, can increase biases and existing imbalances for marginalized groups.
To our knowledge, there has not been the development of efficient multilingual AI language models in the health domain. We propose to conduct a literature review of multicultural and multilingual model development methods in developing health dialogs and perform pilot training using an existing caregiver-domain-specific dataset in English to translate to and train in Spanish. This funding will support us to perform preparatory work and lay the foundation to submit for a larger grant to further develop novel and cost-effective methods in training cross-lingual language models in the health domain.
Huatong Sun, CAC-SIAS
Articulating Resilience Towards a Caring Democracy: Building a Research-Informed Allyship Network for Anti-Racist CPTSC Scholars
Council for Programs in Technical and Scientific Communication (CPTSC)
Fighting against institutional racism and systemic oppression is a long-term process. To articulate strategies of resilience collectively towards “a caring democracy” (Toronto, 2013), this project proposes to build a research-informed allyship network for anti-racist CPTSC scholars as they are treading through their journeys. We’re employing an innovative approach that integrates knowledge building and community-engaged activism with platform technology. Qualitative interview will be a core part to help allyship network participants to increase resilience. Web platform, email newsletter, and social media engagement strategies will be used to disseminate best practices and strategies of resilience for anti-racist teaching and research in the TSC field. The innovative network-building work model informed by
academic research can be scaled to transform currently perfunctory practices in the DEI industry, which is our responsibilities as TSC scholars to promote anti-racist programs and pedagogies and to initiate changes, dismantle institutional racism, and carve out a better future.
Erica Cline, SAM-SIAS
Promoting Early Retention of STEM Students: The Achieving Change in our Communities through Equity and Student Success (ACCESS) in STEM Program, Phase 2
National Science Foundation
The “Achieving Change in our Communities through Equity and Student Success” (ACCESS) in STEM Phase 2 Program will 1) recruit talented, low-income students to STEM degrees, 2) retain those students, 3) support their academic success in STEM, and 4) broaden participation in STEM for underrepresented populations (URPs).
UWT is a four year, public, urban, predominantly undergraduate institution (PUI), 45% Pell Grant eligible, and 55% first-generation to college degree (First Gen); 66% enter as transfer students. We are classified as a minority-serving institution (AANAPISI), and 33% of students are persons excluded due to ethnicity or race (PEERs). Despite rapid recent growth in our STEM programs, STEM degrees are requested by 31% of entering undergraduates, but only 26% of students graduate in a STEM major, with even greater disparities for women; 22% request STEM but only 15% graduate with STEM degrees. Among STEM-interested students, 16% of all students, 19% of First Year (e.g., first-time-in-college and first-year transfer students), and 25% of First Year PEERs and 27% of First Year First Gen students do not re-enroll after their first year. Graduation rates reflect similar patterns; for STEM-interested students, 27% of undergraduates, 40% of First Year students, and a striking 50% of First Year PEERs do not graduate in any major within 6 years.
To address this attrition point, the ACCESS program Phase 2 will provide targeted support during the crucial first two years, through annual scholarships of up to $10,000/yr for three cohorts of sixteen incoming First Year STEM-interested students per year. Eligible majors include all UWT STEM degrees (Mathematics, Environmental, Biomedical, and Computer Science, Information Technology, and Computer, Electrical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering). Our optional, newly developed Early ACCESS summer math prep program will enhance entry into STEM majors, and ACCESS scholars will have the option to engage in a Research Experience or project-based Introduction to Design course in their first year. Coupled with an optional on-campus STEM living learning community and required individual faculty mentoring, the required quarterly 1 credit, non-graded Success in STEM seminar will form a cohesive community through group mentoring, skills development, and equity and inclusion workshops, helping develop a sense of belonging, identity, and empowerment to transform the culture of STEM.
Yan Bai, SET
GenCyber Tacoma: UW Tacoma 2023 GenCyber Camp for Middle School Students
National Security Agency (NSA)
Utilizing well-established recruitment platforms, close partnership with Tacoma Public Schools, and Washington State University Gear Up Program, UW Tacoma hosts a one-week-long GenCyber hybrid student camp along with year-round outreach activities that engage 60 eighth and ninth grade residential and non-residential students from historically underrepresented groups in STEM fields. We anticipate a continued expansion beyond South Puget Sound schools into East Washington in collaboration with College Success Foundation-Tacoma and the Office of Early Outreach at Washington State University. Through culturally responsive, hands-on and project-based pedagogy, youth will learn Cybersecurity First Principles, gain cybersecurity knowledge and skills, learn online safety practices and privacy techniques, develop foundational knowledge of ethical use of technology and increase their interest in cybersecurity educations and careers.
Kayee Yeung-Rhee, SET
Integrative and interactive analyses of host transcriptional response to COVID-19 and other respiratory viral infections
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
With the on-going coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the scientific community is racing to develop vaccines, diagnostics, and treatment strategies for patients. Given the varying severity and potential complications across different patients, it is critical to understand the underlying mechanisms of how the host responds to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). While SARS-CoV-2 is a novel coronavirus, there is an extensive knowledge base and abundant publicly available data on other respiratory viral infections, such as influenza, rhinoviruses, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-1), and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
This proposal focuses on secondary analysis of publicly available RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data, and the development of software tools to facilitate the characterization of the host transcriptional response to SARS-CoV-2 and how this response compares to other known respiratory viruses. In particular, we will re-analyze the RNA-seq data profiling transcriptional response to SARS-CoV-2 infection available in NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), such as GSE147507 (1), and GSE150316 (2). We will adopt a compendium approach to compare gene signatures from SARS-CoV-2 to those from other respiratory viruses. This compendium of gene signatures will be generated using the same analytical workflows, thus ensuring that interpretations of host transcriptional response are derived from data that are consistently processed. We will also provide an accessible browser-based dashboard to integrate data query capabilities with updatable and customized analytical workflows.
Kayee Yeung-Rhee, SET
Precision nutrition impact on health-related behavior change in active duty service members
Military readiness is contingent on Service Members (SMs) being medically fit for duty. Despite high rates of physical activity, over 50% of military SMs are overweight, highlighting the negative impact of poor dietary behaviors on health and wellness. Active component soldiers with excess body fat are less capable of maintaining medical readiness and engaging in the prolonged physical activity required to carry out combat missions. Injuries occur at a higher rate in all overweight SMs making them less deployable and likely on a profile; musculoskeletal injuries account for 10 million limited duty days each year and 76% of the medically non-deployable population. As if these statistics are not concerning alone, 13% of SMs have one or more diagnosed chronic conditions with the most common being cardiovascular disease (CVD) manifested by high blood pressure in 56% of this young population. Strategic solutions for supporting health and readiness in times of high operational tempo and uncertain threats in diverse environments remain elusive but one undeniable strategy to harness is self-care. Efforts to meet this high demand for health-related behavior change must engage, motivate, and support the individual at the center of the care dynamic. We will again adopt Pender’s Health Promotion Model as the conceptual model for this study examining genes, diet, activity, and environment interactions because it effectively organizes variables previously identified as determinants of health that are amenable to intervention. Precision nutrition leverages the specificity of molecular and phenotypic differences toward personalizing diet interventions. Our interprofessional and highly qualified research team experienced with top priority issues of military readiness and health proposes the following aims and research questions:
Specific Aim 1: Examine the effectiveness of precision nutrition counseling on health-related
behavior change in a military population as measured by fasting glucose, LDL/HDL, %body fat, waist circumference, BP, and 25(OH)D. RQ1: Does the use of gene-based disease risk data in nutrition counseling yield greater improvement in metabolic, cardiovascular, and bone biomarker outcomes than standard dietary instructions?
Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the feasibility of a digital application to accurately capture dietary intake, environmental exposure, and physical activity. RQ2: Is app-based data collection for digital phenotype valid and reliable as a means of informing self-care lifestyle modifications when compared to in-person interviews?
Specific Aim 3: Describe military-unique characteristics in demographics, lifestyle choices, and geographic exposures for a northwest Army cohort and a southwest Air Force cohort. RQ3: Beyond genetics, what contributions to health risk or disease prevention?
Seung-Jin Lee, SET
Impact Assessment Program Support Planning for embodied carbon associated with building materials
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/U.S. Dept. of Energy
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working to better understand the embodied carbon associated with building materials. Part of this effort includes developing industry guidance for new, emerging insulation materials associated with the Advanced Building Construction (ABC) initiative. This task will help fill in knowledge gaps associated with residential insulation materials, help develop an industry guidance document, and provide the needed performance data to help populate the Argonne GREET Tool. Part of the analysis included in the deliverables should help develop an end-of-life plan for each material, which currently is not well understood.
The University of Washington (UW) shall support PNNL, as well as the Argonne National Laboratory and with further support from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to understand the embodied carbon of 5 relatively new insulation materials. The final material choices will be chosen by the advisory committee of the entities mentioned above, as well as the ABC-Collaborative which includes at least the Rocky Mountain Institute.
Heather Dillon, SET
Creating Equitable Pathways to STEM Graduate Education
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
This project is focused on developing and supporting equitable pathways to STEM graduate education for Black, Latinx, and Indigenous Students, with an emphasis on female students. We plan to start optimizing existing undergraduate research programs at the three partner institutions to increase student participation in graduate programs, while dismantling systemic racism and institutional barriers. For this proposal we are focused on pathways in computer science and engineering fields, but we plan to expand the program to other STEM fields as our work matures.
Jeffrey Walters, SET
Research For All: Broadening Access to Research for Undergraduate Engineering Students
George Washington University/Kern Family Foundation
The collaborative, multi-university “Research for All” (R4A), seeks to develop tools and best practices that improve on the access and quality of undergraduate research experiences. The R4A project aims to broaden participation in undergraduate research with three complementary and interrelated tasks to develop entrepreneurially-minded (EM) frameworks and tools, Task 1: EM-focused course-based engineering research experiences (CURE), Task 2: EM-focused training modules that bolster student and faculty skills for improved quality and impact of these research projects, and Task 3: an online platform that connects students, faculty, and industry partners to enable and scale-up internal and external research collaborations. These will enable a substantial increase in access to meaningful and impactful research opportunities for undergraduate students. The eight universities involved in this grant proposal are George Washington University (GWU), George Fox University (GFU), North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Olin College of Engineering, University of Washington–Tacoma, The University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, Campbell University, Valparaiso University.
Haluk Demirkan, Milgard School of Business
An Industry Perspective on STEM Education for the Future, Further Explored: Workshop
International Society of Service Innovation Professionals (ISSIP)/National Science Foundation
This award provides support for a series of 3-hour virtual workshops, organized by the International Society of Service Innovation Professionals, ISSIP, to take place in 4Q2020 or 1Q2021. Building on the findings during the executions of an earlier award (No. 1917026 - “An Industry Perspective on STEM Education for the Future”), a few areas of research emerged that require further investigation in order to fully inform higher education leaders on industry perspective on skills needs for STEM jobs of the future.
1) How has industry perspective on skills demand changed as a result of the COVID-19 crisis?
2) How are industry recruiters and hiring managers screening STEM graduates for both “Specialized” and “foundational skills?"
3) From industry perspective, which colleges/universities curricula better align with industry demand?
4) Can a set of desirable curriculum and teaching pedagogy attributes be developed from findings?
IDEAS (Increase and Diversify Education Abroad for US Students) Program
World Learning/ Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, United States Department of State
This 10-hour virtual workshop, entitled Expanding Access and Inclusion: Developing Holistic Strategies for Recruiting and Supporting Students from Underrepresented Groups, is aimed at supporting U.S. higher education institutions in creating, expanding and diversifying study abroad opportunities for students and deepening their capacity to support students before, during, and after their study abroad experience. Drawing from the expertise and experiences of the host institution, facilitators, and the participants themselves, the workshop will engage participants around recruiting and supporting students from underrepresented groups with a focus on access and inclusion. Through four 2-hour, highly participatory, scaffolded sessions, workshop participants will engage with expert facilitators from across the United States and abroad to share promising and proven strategies, identify strengths and limitations in their current practices, and develop institutionally-appropriate resources to be shared with fellow participants and with the broader field through the IDEAS website and resource database.
Leading up to the workshop, participants will collect data about study abroad participation at their institutions, with an emphasis on key student demographics. Using these data, participants will identify underrepresented student groups at their institution and orient their resource development around expanding access and a sense of inclusion for these students. Throughout the workshop, participants will collaboratively develop three deliverables, present these at the follow-on session, and provide them to the host institution as part of there sources to be shared with IDEAS after completion of the workshop. These deliverables include: 1) A model lesson plan aimed at supporting study abroad program directors’ development of inclusive learning environments for study abroad students; 2) A model lesson plan aimed at supporting study abroad program directors’ design of inclusive study abroad programming, and; 3) An institutionally-appropriate study abroad outreach plan aimed at increasing participation among underrepresented students.
C. Andy James, Center for Urban Water
Screening and Prioritization of CECs in Regional Waters
Washington State Department of Ecology/EPA
The purpose of this work is to improve our understanding of the occurrence and ecotoxicological relevance of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) that have previously been identified as having the potential to cause biological impacts to aquatic organisms in the Puget Sound (i.e., contaminants of interest).
Tarang Khangaonkar, Salish Sea Modeling Center-Center for Urban Waters
Ocean currents boundary nesting for the Salish Sea Model using standard HYCOM Global Model Solutions – Preprocessing and Testing with FVCOM
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
The overall objective of this project is to develop ocean boundary input preparation procedure for the Salish Sea Model (SSM) for the use of one-way nested ocean boundary connection to HYCOM. This objective is to be achieved through the following specific tasks: 1. Model compilation: Review FVCOM_v4.3 guidance to prepare the use of the model to operate in nested mode. This includes compilation with suitable modules turned on and preparation of the run control file; 2. Preparation of ocean boundary nesting file; 3. Prepare the nesting boundary input file that contain all required nesting variables in netCDF format SSM Testing in nested mode; 4. Conduct performance testing and skill assessment characterizing the influence of the mesoscale currents; 5. Development of FVCOM nesting preprocessing package; and 6. Prepare a software package that may be used with SSM grid to generate the nesting input file using standard HYCOM solutions for any specified year.
Congratulations to the following externally sponsored research award recipients at UW Tacoma. (Awards received between July – September 2021)
Ed Kolodziej, Sciences and Mathematics division of SIAS and Center for Urban Waters
MRI: Acquisition of a LC-High Resolution Mass Spectrometer for Characterization of Environmental Organic Contaminants National Science Foundation (NSF)
Hundreds of thousands of anthropogenic chemicals are produced and used in modern societies; yet most of these have almost no data available on their environmental fate and toxicity. With so many potential environmental pollutants, high throughput and analytical capacity are critical limiting factors to research effectiveness. Because of the richness, depth and breadth of their data, suspect and non-target screening techniques employing high resolution mass spectrometry have now become key methodologies for environmental chemistry and engineering studies. Therefore, we seek to acquire a cutting-edge high-resolution mass spectrometer to identify, quantify, and source apportion emerging/unknown chemical pollutants in surface water, stormwater, drinking water, wastewater and biological tissue sample types. This instrument will be housed at the Center for Urban Waters. Our research team seeks to further develop cutting-edge expertise in environmental chemistry and engineering, especially suspect and non-target screening for chemical source control and treatment system optimization.
Alison Gardell, Sciences and Mathematics Division of SIAS
Collaborative Research: NSF-BSF: Somatic cell adaptation towards immortalization in a marine tunicate National Science Foundation (NSF)
This project investigates the conditions and gene regulatory/ proteome networks that promote cell proliferation, counteract senescence, and induce somatic cell immortalization in the marine tunicate Botryllus schlosseri. Primary cultures of haemocytes and epithelial monolayers have been established for this species. They will be investigated to learn how (1) environmental factors (media supplements and attachment substrates), (2) stress-induced evolution, (3) synthetic biology
(manipulation of pro- and anti-proliferative genes), and (4) cell fusion technology alter cellular proliferation and senescence and the underlying molecular phenotypes (gene regulatory/ proteome networks). The goal is to a) understand the sequence of molecular events that promotes cell proliferation and inhibits senescence in vitro and b) to generate the first cell line for any marine invertebrate. This new collaboration integrates expertise in marine invertebrate cell culture, B. schlosseri culture, isolation of marine invertebrate stem cells, and cell fusion methodology (Rinkevich) with experience in fish cell immortalization (Gardell, Kültz), transcriptomics (Gardell), stress-induced evolution, synthetic biology, molecular phenotyping by proteomics, and network analyses of complex molecular phenotypes (Kültz).
Yan Bai, School of Engineering and Technology
GenCyber Tacoma: University of Washington Tacoma 2019 GenCyber Camp for Middle School Students National Security Agency (NSA)
GenCyber Tacoma hosts two separate one week-long, non-residential student camps that will engage a diverse spectrum of urban youth in the sciences and arts of cybersecurity. While the UW Tacoma campus will host one camp, the second camp will take place at Franklin Pierce Keithley Middle School. UW Tacoma will utilize its well-established recruitment platforms and close partnership with Franklin Pierce Schools to target middle school students to engage 50 eighth and ninth grade students from demographic groups historically underrepresented in STEM fields. In time, we
hope to expand this program to provide additional offerings to elementary and high school students. We look forward to a gradual expansion into other nearby school districts, throughout Pierce County and into southern King County, including Federal Way, Kent and Renton. Through culturally responsive, hands-on and project-based pedagogy; youth will learn Cybersecurity First Principles, gain cybersecurity knowledge and skills, learn online safety practices and privacy techniques and will develop foundational knowledge of ethical use of technology and ultimately increase their interest in pursuing cybersecurity education and careers.
Andy James, Center for Urban Waters
City of Tacoma and UWT, Wapato Lake Stormwater Treatment Project City of Tacoma/Washington State Department of Ecology
The City of Tacoma has taken and continues to take actions to reduce stormwater-related phosphorus impacts to Wapato Lake. As part of this ongoing effort the city has undertaken a Wapato Lake Stormwater Treatment project to evaluate treatment options to reduce and remove phosphorus from Wapato Lake in an effort to further improve water quality. UWT has knowledge and expertise to study and evaluate treatment options to reduce and remove stormwater-related phosphorus impacts to Wapato Lake. Therefore, the city has determined that UWT is highly qualified to provide a thorough evaluation of various stormwater treatment options to reduce and remove such impacts, and further that UWT’s proximity to the city within the Center for Urban Waters building facilitates informal opportunities to consult and collaborate frequently on such treatment evaluation, which benefits the Wapato Lake Stormwater Treatment project.
Wesley Lloyd, School of Engineering and Technology
Accessible Cloud-Based Multi-Omic and Imaging Analysis for the Cancer Research Data Commons the Cancer Research Data Commons BioDepot LLC/National Institutes of Health (NIH)
This project is led by a grant submission by BioDepot LLC in response to the NIH National Cancer Institute SBIR contract Topic 428 proposal. The overarching goal of this project is to develop cloud-based analytical tools for multi-omics and imaging data for the cancer research community. In particular, investigators will build on their previous work, the Biodepot-workflow-builder (Bwb), a user-friendly graphical platform for building and executing bioinformatics workflows in the cloud. They will enhance the Bwb to provide a front-end to allow cancer researchers to easily access databases from the Cancer Research Data Commons (CRDC), and analyze multi-omics and imaging data using customizable cloud-based workflows from a curated repository.
Congratulations to the following externally sponsored research award recipients at UW Tacoma who received new funding between April-June 2021
Ander Erickson, Science and Mathematics Division, SIAS CAREER: Supporting Undergraduate Students' Self-Directed Use of Online Resources in Lower-Division Mathematics Classes National Science Foundation
UW Tacoma Assistant Professor Ander Erickson has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant. The nearly $700,000 grant will allow Erickson the chance to learn more about how college students use online resources in so-called “gateway” mathematics courses. The grant is part of NSF’s Faculty Early Career Development or CAREER program, which supports early-career faculty who have the potential to serve as academic role models in research and education. It is the first such NSF grant made to a UW Tacoma faculty member.
Featured on the UW Tacoma website, learn more about this project here.
Juhua Hu, SET Rare Event Prediction in Time Series National Science Foundation
Predicting rare/extreme events within a time series is a critical task in a broad range of applications. For entities that administrate and manage computer networks, it is critical that they have the ability to anticipate when the number of queries being received by their servers will spike to an abnormally high amount. In the event that the number of network resources allocated is not sufficient to service the amount of traffic, the server can be rendered unresponsive and becomes susceptible to failure and security breaches. For the health care industry, it is also invaluable to predict when a hospital may receive an influx in the number of patients visiting, which may bring the facility to capacity. Otherwise, it is disastrous for hospitals as it can lead to longer waiting times, longer shifts for staff, and even death. However, rare/extreme events are often anomalies within a time series that are characterized by having comparatively small or large value and occur extremely infrequently. Therefore, this is a challenging problem because of the non-linear nature of these rare events, the inability to capture key information about the rare events in the systematic components of the temporal data, and the data imbalance between rare and normal events. Apparently, rare event prediction in time series is an important yet challenging problem. To the best knowledge, only a few works in the literature discussed this problem and the problem is not well studied. Therefore, the goal of this project is to investigate this problem and research potential solutions to address the above-mentioned challenges.
January - March 2021
John Finke, Sciences and Mathematics Division - SIAS
A portable biosensor for measurement of Covid-19 antibodies in community testing M J Murdock Charitable Trust
This is a collaborative effort to develop a portable biosensor for measurement of Covid-19 antibodies in community testing. Murdock partner and high school teacher, Sarah Kaperick, will assist in critical stages of biosensor development enabling rapid quantitative point-of-care measurement of Covid-19 antibodies. This biosensor uses our "calibration free" microfluidic technology to improve sensitivity, specificity, and quantitative capability versus the numerous rapid tests on the market. The biosensor sensitivity and quantitative capability will be confirmed using a control antibody that targets the Covid-19 spike protein. The biosensor specificity will be assessed using a range of antibody preparations collected prior to the emergence of Covid-19. In collaboration with local biotech RAIN Incubator and Multicare, the optimized biosensor will be tested with set of confirmed positive and negative COVID-19 serum samples.
Ka Yee Yeung-Rhee, SET
A Precision Health Trial to Reduce Illness & Promote Resilience in Hospital Staff The Geneva Foundation/Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
The goal of the proposed research is to provide evidence-based health and wellness guidelines to military treatment facility (MTF) healthcare staff to mitigate the risk of respiratory infections. Staff adoption of these educational guidelines will include assessment of biological/health risk parameters as well as measures of lifestyle behaviors, such as sleep, diet/nutrition and physical activities. Multiple datasets will be collected in this study, including gene expression data, clinical parameters and data from wearable fitness devices.
Matthew Tolentino, SET
Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) Without the Global Positioning System (GPS) Namatad/US Department of Defense (DOD)
The use of GPS has become ubiquitous for position identification and navigation. However, in many areas, such as within buildings, dense urban areas, complex terrain, or hostile environments, access to satellite-transmitted positioning signals may be limited, unavailable, or intentionally denied, limiting the spatial awareness and navigation capabilities of personnel in transit. To ensure continuity in navigation capabilities, alternative localization techniques are required to avoid personnel and assets from becoming lost or disoriented while traversing unknown areas.
In this proposal, the project team will implement and evaluate the changes identified during Phase I for adapting the Namatad FIREFLY localization platform for operational use by warfighters in GPS-denied areas. Project work focuses on realizing implementations of the optimizations and changes recommended during our feasibility analysis during Phase I. These include L2 network adaptations, modifications for large-scale deployments, transceiver optimizations and ranging adaptations for urban environments, and integration of jamming resilience techniques. The outcome of this project will be a ready-to-deploy, defense-focused version of the FIREFLY system for USSOCOM.
Katie Haerling, School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership
Responding to a critical and urgent need: Informing evidence-based regulation of simulation in pre-licensure registered nursing education The National Council of State Boards of Nursing
To protect the public, state boards of nursing (BONs) aim to develop and enforce evidence-based regulations (Spector et al., 2020). In recent years, and particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, BONs have closely examined regulations related to the use of simulation in nursing education. Limited numbers of traditional clinical placement sites and restrictions around what student nurses can do during traditional clinical experiences often create less-than-ideal learning opportunities for undergraduate registered nursing students. At the same time, advances in technology and evidence supporting the use of simulation in undergraduate registered nursing education have led nurse educators to question how much traditional clinical experience can be replaced with simulation without impacting educational outcomes, what types of simulation are most effective, and what ratio is most appropriate for “counting” these hours. This project systematically addresses these questions by examining the use of mannequin-based simulation, virtual simulation, and traditional clinical in undergraduate registered nursing education. Findings from this study will provide critical insights to inform regulatory decisions about how to most appropriately calculate required clinical experience hours, including time spent in traditional clinical, mannequin-based simulation, and virtual simulation experiences.
Alison Gardell, Sciences and Mathematics Division - SIAS
Alaska Undergraduate Research Experience: Partnering for Alaska Students by Growing Recruitment and Retention through Undergraduate Research University of Alaska, Anchorage/National Science Foundation (NSF)
The main goal of AK UNiTE (Alaska UNdergraduaTe research Experience) is to connect Alaskan students to local research opportunities in biological sciences to increase retention and better prepare students to enter research endemic to Alaska. This project will bring the Alaskan research community together to develop community partnerships with local research projects (e.g. local tribal councils, non-profits, state and federal agencies across Alaska) and create pathways for future undergraduate research opportunities. This project will identify community partnerships with local research projects, provide workshops on Course-based Undergraduate Research Experiences (CURE) development and place-based education for collaborators, develop a network informational hub within the Science Education Resource Center (SERC) website, and evaluate the network.
Heather Dillon, SET
Building an Entrepreneurial Mindset (EM) Concept Map Toolbox for Course and Program Evaluation Rowan University/Kern Family Foundation
The goal of this project is to create a toolkit for faculty members to allow them to use a “master EM” concept map as a means for scoring student generated EM concept maps and assessing student progression over different time periods. Concept maps are considered to be a direct assessment tool as they can provide a snapshot of students’ conceptual understanding of EM at a specific time point. Concept maps have been used extensively as teaching and assessment tools for other engineering education
outcomes. Both quantitative and qualitative scoring approaches have been tested and validated in other areas but need more work for EM assessment.
Ed Kolodziej, Sciences and Mathematics Division – SIAS and Center for Urban Waters
Coho Toxicant Characterization Washington State Department of Ecology/Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Over several years of effort together, UW and WSU research groups have recently discovered a new chemical in roadway runoff that is apparently responsible for the acute mortality observed in coho salmon in stormwater-impacted watersheds throughout the Puget Sound basin. The chemical is toxic to juvenile coho salmon at concentrations near or below 1 μg/L. They expect to detect this toxic chemical in all receiving waters downstream of busy roadways (hereafter referred to as the “toxicant”). Notably, this chemical is a transformation product; it is derived from the reaction of an antioxidant ‘parent’ chemical that the literature implies is added to all vehicle tires (hereafter referred to as the “parent compound”). While this new chemical and its suspected provenance have been identified, considerable research is needed to characterize its environmental transport and fate, and the toxicity that it induces in coho salmon and other species relevant to Washington State waters. Ongoing research efforts are expected to result in the quantification of this toxic chemical by a Washington Department of Ecology accredited method and a basic understanding of its occurrence and fate in select stormwater treatment systems. However, there still exists a considerable lack of insight into the effect of solution conditions (pH, ionic strength, turbidity, dissolved organic matter) and hydrology on the stability, transport, and toxicity of this chemical. The objective of this research project is to continue to research the characteristics and potential impacts of these compounds on the Puget Sound ecosystem.
Maria-Tania Bandes-Becerra Weingarden, Culture, Arts, and Communications (CAC)-SIAS
Book of Andy City of Tacoma
The artistic merit of the production of The Book of Andy is three-fold. First, the arts in Tacoma, like the rest of the country, have taken a brutal hit. Artists in general are out of work and further, theatre artists have lost the ability to have their work produced in the traditional sense. This production brings together two organizations, with the support of a third, to create a virtual space to perform, while providing a number of artists in the community the ability to earn while practicing their craft. Cast will be made up of community members and students.
Second, both UWT and Dukesbay are committed to produce work from underrepresented groups and embrace diverse casting as their practice. The Book of Andy depicts a Latinx queer young man as its protagonist and explores issues unequivocally relevant to the LGBTQ+ community. Both the Latinx community and the LGBTQ+ communities have been historically underrepresented on the Tacoma stage, a contrast to recent statistical data demonstrating the growth of the Latinx community, up to 12%, and the steady growth of the LGBTQ+ community in Tacoma, an area often described as Washington’s “gayest” city. Visibility is important.
Last, this production is positioned as the only production UWT will produce this academic year, providing a much-needed training ground for future theatre artists that will eventually come from UWT, and more importantly, future theatre goers that will be eager for the live theatre experience in Tacoma in the future, when the pandemic allows us to once again enjoy entertainment face to face.
Congratulations to Weichao Yuwen, Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Assistant Professor, who is leading a project called “Coco” funded through UW’s CoMotion Innovation Gap Fund. This project aims to develop a platform that delivers on-demand, tailored, and empathetic support to family caregivers. A hybrid approach will be implemented that combines A.I and real-life coaching support in a self-learning system.
Yan Bai, School of Engineering and Technology
UW Tacoma GenCyber Camp for Middle School Students National Security Agency (NSA)
GenCyber Tacoma hosts two separate one week-long, non-residential student camps that will engage a diverse spectrum of urban youth in the sciences and arts of cybersecurity. UW Tacoma will utilize its well-established recruitment platforms and close partnership with Franklin Pierce Schools to target middle school students to engage 50 eighth and ninth grade students from demographic groups historically underrepresented in STEM fields. It is hoped in time this program will expand into other nearby school districts throughout Pierce County and into south King County, including Federal Way, Kent and Renton. This ongoing approach could provide a clearly laddered elevation of student capabilities and enhanced ability to track student outcomes through the University and into their careers. Through culturally responsive, hands-on and project-based pedagogy; youth will learn Cybersecurity First Principles, gain cybersecurity knowledge and skills, learn online safety practices and privacy techniques and will develop foundational knowledge of ethical use of technology and ultimately increase their interest in pursuing cybersecurity education and careers.
Wesley Lloyd, School of Engineering and Technology
Optimized and accessible cloud-based multi-omics workflows for the Cancer Research Data Commons BIODEPOT, LLC/National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Cloud computing has emerged as a solution to address the challenges of storing and analyzing big data. However, the technical complexity required to provision and configure virtual servers has been a major barrier to widespread adoption of cloud technologies in cancer research. There is a clear opportunity for a platform that can deliver optimized analytical tools to the cancer community and integrate seamlessly with existing multi-omics databases and tools. To address the gap in cloud optimized analytical tools for cancer omics data, we have developed the Biodepot-workflow-builder (Bwb), a user-friendly graphical platform for building and executing bioinformatics workflows in the cloud.
Andy James, Center for Urban Waters
Monitoring and Prioritizing Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) in Columbia River Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
This project will provide occurrence information on previously unmonitored contaminants such as endocrine disruptors in Columbia River and utilize a range of effects information to evaluate potential for harm to important species. This project specifically addresses the funding priority, “increased monitoring and access to data from monitoring in the Columbia River Basin with a focus on toxics with an impact on human health and fish and wildlife.”
Andy James, Center for Urban Waters
Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) in Salmon Streams King County Water and Land Resources Division/Environmental Protection Agency
This agreement with King County and UW Tacoma is a flow through project originating from EPA funding via WA State Department of Ecology and King County. UWT will provide services to King County to help characterize chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) in salmon bearing streams in the Cedar-Lake Washington and Duwamish-Green basins. CECs are rarely monitored in the aquatic environment and results of this project will help fill this data gap.
Ed Kolodziej, Center for Urban Waters
Development of Chemical Indicators to Detect, Track and Assess Pollutants Washington State Department of Ecology
This project will improve water quality by identifying and quantifying a suite of chemical indicators representing legacy, novel and emerging chemical toxicants important to salmonid health and that impair water quality, especially in systems impacted by urban storm water. Prof. Kolodziej and his team will survey the occurrence of chemical indicators in regional watersheds, particularly those in relation to watershed restoration efforts and evaluate treatment systems for identified chemical removal performance.
Joel Baker, Center for Urban Waters
Puget Sound Action Agenda-Implementation Strategic, Science, Monitoring and Adaptive Management Analysis and Activities Puget Sound Partnership
An expert coalition will guide, use, review, and revise scientific processes and information to support the development and adaptation of Action Agenda Vital Sign Implementation Strategies (IS). The coalition will collaborate with Strategic Initiative teams, the Partnership’s science panel, the science community, and other partners to characterize the state of knowledge about Vital Signs and their management; identify and address needs for research, monitoring, and modeling, including contributions from social sciences; design the science based adaptation of ISs; and synthesize science findings to improve the development of ISs and to communicate key messages from and about ISs. During the fourth year of this award, the UW Tacoma Puget Sound Institute (PSI) team will continue to (1) develop regional consensus that Implementation Strategies are credible depictions of the paths to recovery and protection and (2) increase confidence that plans for recovery and protection will deliver expected results.
Joel Baker and Tarang Khangaonkar, Center for Urban Waters
University of Washington Tacoma Salish Sea Modeling Center City of Tacoma
Nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound may be playing a part in lower dissolved oxygen levels in parts of the Sound. UW Tacoma Puget Sound Institute is uniquely qualified to refine models and run scenarios that will provide insights into effects of various sources of nutrients on dissolved oxygen levels in Puget Sound. Expertise currently exists at Puget Sound Institute to run and refine the Salish Sea model. The overall objective of this agreement is to establish a modelling center and sustainable program of work at the UW Tacoma Puget Sound Institute, Center for Urban Waters that addresses regional modelling needs on access, stakeholder engagement, and model applications.
Tarang Khangaonkar, Center for Urban Waters
Salish Sea Model – Hydrodynamic Hindcast Solutions and Processing Support for a Zone-Of-No-Save Analysis Nuka Research & Planning Group, LLC
Nuka Research and Planning Group, LLC (Nuka Research) has received a contract to conduct a Zone-Of-No-Save (ZONS) analysis in support of San Juan County’s (SJC) Oil Spill Risk Consequences Assessment. The ZONS analysis provides an estimate of the probability that an emergency response tow vessel (ERTV) could reach the location of a disabled vessel in time to achieve an emergency tow before the disabled vessel would drift aground. The analysis is expected to be conducted using Nuka Research’s proprietary model ZONS through a scenario-based application. The model provides probability estimates based on the scenario inputs, random samples of wind and current data drawn from historic winds, ocean current hind cast, and a ship drift trajectory algorithm. The Salish Sea Modeling Center (SSMC) at the University of Washington Tacoma Puget Sound Institute’s primary objective within the overall project is to provide wind and hydrodynamic hind cast solutions from the Salish Sea Model – Operational Forecast System (SSM-OFS) high resolution version for use with the ZONS model.
Emma Rose, School of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences
Understanding UX Teaching Practices in Technical and Professional Communication Technical and Scientific Communication (CPTSC)
While Technical Communication and User Experience (UX) have long, intertwined histories, Technical and Professional Communication (TPC) programs have been slower to transition to preparing students for UX roles. In this research project, we will research existing teaching practices related to UX through a mixed method research project that includes a survey of TPC instructors about their current UX teaching practices, a corpus analysis of syllabi and assignments, and qualitative interviews with instructors of UX courses in TPC programs. The outcomes of this research will contribute to the development of best practices for teaching UX within TPC courses and programs. It will also help support the future creation of a repository of example teaching materials such as assignments and syllabi. This proposal responds to CPTSC grant opportunity as a curricular exploration that could lead to best or effective practices. UX is an important topic to the future of TPC and to date there has not been a large scale study trying to understand existing teaching practices related to UX.
Belinda Louie, School of Education
Teaching Engish Language Learners (TELL) Professional Development US Department of Education (DOEd) Project goals for TELL-PD aim at supporting educators to improve academic performance for English Learners (EL): 1) preservice teachers complete WA certification with EL endorsement license; 2) principals and in-service teachers complete hybrid professional development modules to improve EL instruction; 3) in-service teachers take online endorsement program; and 4) Parents, families, and community will expand and enhance their skills, strategies, and knowledge to communicate and to collaborate to support ELs’ learning.
Jose Rios, School of Education
The Next Generation of STEM Teacher Preparation in Washington State (NextGen-WA) Western Washington University
A consortium of Washington State Colleges and Universities, in partnership with Washington’s Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI), P-12 educators, and other key stakeholders from business, government, and non-governmental organizations (NGO’s), seeks to transform science learning for all Washington State P-12 students by producing more, better prepared, and diverse elementary and secondary STEM Teachers. Cross-institutional Working Groups dedicated to improving 3 key components will research, create, and produce a set of materials and professional development workshops for Regional Teams of faculty and administrators from Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs), P-12 educators, and representatives from STEM businesses, NGO’s, and government agencies. These Regional Teams will in turn adapt, implement, and sustain teacher preparation program innovations tailored to their institutions and regions. Three capacity-building components: Organizational Change, Increasing the Diversity of the STEM teaching workforce, and Collaboration Building, will underlie the efforts of every Working Group and Regional Team.
July - September 2020
Congratulations to Larry Knopp, SIAS Professor Emeritus, who is leading an NSF funded project titled Examining Shifting Geographies of Historically Underrepresented Groups with co-PIs Dr. Michael Brown, UWS Geography Professor, and Dr. Bo Zhao, UWS Geography Assistant Professor. This 3-year project started in May 2020 and is being administered by UW Seattle’s Center for Studies in Demography & Ecology.
This project aims to construct, analyze, and make publicly available a geographically extensive, longitudinal data set of LGBTQ spaces in the U.S. The data set will be compiled from a purposive sample of annual entries (1965-2014) in the only extant annually published national-scale source listing LGBTQ venues since the mid-twentieth century (Bob Damron’s Address Book, later known as The Damron Men’s Travel Guide – published annually since 1965 – and its companion, the Damron Women’s Traveler – published annually since 1990). The data will then be analyzed spatio-temporally using spatial statistics and GIS. Specifically, the project team will analyze and visualize shifting locational patterns of entries by city, state, and region; changes in the entries themselves (including the appearance and disappearance of particular entries, types of entries, and descriptions); and relationships between these.
Congratulations to Michael Honey, SIAS Professor, who was named a 2020-21 Fellow in the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Radcliffe
Fellows are exceptional scientists, writers, scholars, public intellectuals, practitioners, and artists whose work is making a difference in their professional fields and in the larger world.
As a Radcliffe Fellow, Dr. Honey will write “They Never Can Jail Us All: A Personal History of Repression, Resistance, and the Freedom Struggle,” tracing his experiences as a conscientious objector to war in the 1960s and an organizer in the Southern freedom movement from 1970 through 1976. Honey will research the newly-accessioned files of Angela Davis in Harvard’s Schlesinger Library, as well as civil liberties and rights records at the Wisconsin Historical Society. He will also use Freedom of Information Act surveillance records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). In 1970, it placed him on its “security index” to be arrested, along with thousands of other civil rights and anti-war activists, during a declared national emergency. This is a book project developed partly at UW Tacoma with Mary Gates Scholarship winner Casey Reynolds Wagner, undergraduate researcher.
Congratulations to Ruben Casas, SIAS Assistant Professor and Anaid Yerena, Urban Studies Assistant Professor who are co-leading a project funded through UW’s Urban@UW Research Spark Grant program titled “How Dislocation Impacts Civic Engagement in Parks and Greenspaces.”
This project seeks to understand the impact of dislocation, a term used here to capture the experiences of people impacted by long commute times, on civic engagement. The PIs posit that long commute times correlate with decreased civic engagement as people have less time to encounter others in public space. In this project, they ask: how does dislocation impact whether, when, and how people use neighborhood parks and green spaces to engage with others in the community? Currently, many U.S. households experience dislocation as commute times have grown generally across the U.S. in the past 20 years. As people spend more time commuting they spend less time on leisure. This redistribution of time impacts the use of parks and green spaces even in regions in which there are abundant and high-quality ones. This project will measure just how much of an impact dislocation has on park use in the Central District of Tacoma, Washington.
Wei Cheng, School of Engineering and Technology
Smart Street Parking Assistant National Science Foundation (NSF) Finding street parking in big cities is challenging. Even more, street parking could be expensive (ticketed/towed) due to the misunderstanding of the street parking signs, which can be very complex to read and understand. Most of the existing parking apps are for garage parking. The needs of street parking were not well served. Although some cities’ DOTs provide street parking information like Seattle, the information may be obsolete. Moreover, entities other than DOT can also post their street parking signs; and different cities have different styles of street parking signs. In addition, drivers need more information for safety/comfortability than just allowed parking time and parking prices when they park in unfamiliar places. Therefore, there is still no one-for-all solution for street parking. The outcome of this project are two products: One is an App via which users can know how long they can park at a street parking spot by simply taking a picture of the signs. The other is the APIs for automobile manufacturers and Map/Navigation services providers, who can use the API for smart parking, route planning, and autonomous cars. Our solution can provide features such as convenience, economy, no parking ticket, no confusion, safe street parking guidance, worry-free, and trip planning. This project will be undertaken by a team of female entrepreneurs and minorities.
Christine Stevens, School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Urban Universities and Food Insecurity During a Pandemic The Coalition of Urban Serving Universities and the Kresge Foundation
The Coalition of Urban Serving Universities is hosting a collaborative research-based exploration that lifts up the experience of urban universities as leaders in basic needs delivery. Urban universities have demonstrated that they can innovate and adapt quickly to address and solve for basic needs in their communities. Because of their leadership in this area, grantees are primed to answer these and other questions:
• How is the pandemic changing basic needs innovations at institutions?
• How are universities articulating the student success impact of basic needs on students?
• What will basic needs look like in the fall and beyond? How do universities prepare for this?
• How does institutional racism differentially impact certain populations’ access to basic needs?
• What future directions should be explored? What areas are ripe for innovation?
The project will culminate in a publication (or multiple publications) which will include steps universities can take to ensure their student success efforts are addressing basic needs in an equitable manner, and provide insight to philanthropic organization as to how they can support universities in this effort.
Andy James, Center for Urban Waters Effects based Characterization of Chemicals in Puget Sound Biota Washington State Department of Ecology/Environmental Protection Agency Humans are discharging a wide range of contaminants into receiving waters, with many of them being poorly characterized. According to a recent global survey, over 350,000 chemicals and chemical mixtures are utilized worldwide with a large fraction of them lacking even basic descriptions (Wang et al.2020). Many of these chemicals may affect the health of exposed species, leading to altered reproduction or affecting fitness and ability to survive. To better understand and manage pollutant loadings to aquatic ecosystems, we will survey water and biota from a range of sites to understand occurrence, sources, exposures, and potential impacts. The project will investigate the occurrence and impacts of trace organic contaminants on aquatic biota through three approaches: 1) optimize methods for chemical recovery and identification utilizing mass spectrometry approaches, 2) identify source-specific chemical tracers in water and tissues for source apportionment and exposure characterization, and 3) measure and evaluate the relations between chemical uptake and metabolic responses of organisms in controlled and field exposure scenarios.
Debasis Dawn, School of Engineering and Technology Chip-based ADS-B for High Density, Low Altitude UAV Operations KalScott Engineering Inc./National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) In collaboration with KalScott, Professor Debasis Dawn will continue development of a chip-based ADS-B for high-density, low-altitude UAV operations in the national airspace. This effort consists of designing and fabricating a multi-band transceiver chip that can provide ADS-B functionality. In addition, the chip will also have the ability to port vehicle data into other formats for dissemination over multiple bands. During this Phase II process, the components of this chip will be developed and tested individually, and then integrated into a final design as a single chip. This will be tested in the lab, on the ground in a moving vehicle, and finally in flight on a small UAV.
Assoc. Prof. Maureen Kennedy is co-author on a new study that predicts impacts of climate change on wildfire frequency and intensity based on what happens to plant growth, decomposition and environmental aridity.